Pugs are a popular breed of toy dogs that are affectionate, comical, and make great companions to families and individuals. But before you decide to bring a pug into your home, there are a few important things that you need to know about them. In this article, we’ll discuss 25 facts about pugs, including their positive and negative traits, their history, care needs, and more.
1. Pugs are classified as toy breed dogs by the American Kennel Club (AKC). They are friendly, outgoing dogs who love to be around people and other pets, making them great family pets.
2. Pugs do not require a lot of exercise and are perfectly content with a couple of short walks a day and some indoor playtime. However, they do tend to put on weight easily, so it’s important to make sure they get enough physical exercise.
3. Pugs were bred to be companions and make great lap dogs. They enjoy going on walks during cool weather and are happy to go on adventures like visiting friends or dining outdoors. They do not make good hiking or running partners and are not good swimmers either.
4. Pugs are an ancient breed that dates back to the Han Dynasty in 206 B.C. in China. They were highly cherished and guarded by soldiers as they were bred as companions for the ruling families in China.
5. The name “pug” comes from the Latin word “pugnus” which means “fist.” It is believed that pugs got their name due to their wrinkled muzzle that resembles a clenched fist.
6. Pugs are popular pets and rank 35th in AKC popularity out of 287 breeds. But because they are popular, it’s important to get one from a reputable breeder or rescue to avoid health and behavior problems associated with dogs from puppy mills or backyard breeders.
7. Pugs require little coat maintenance, but they shed heavily year-round. Weekly brushing with a medium-bristle brush, a rubber grooming mitt, or a hound glove will help keep their skin and coat healthy and shiny.
8. Pugs come in two AKC recognized colors – fawn and black. Both colors have a black mask.
9. Pugs may appear pugnacious due to their flat muzzle, but they actually have a sweet temperament. They are charming, stable, dignified, playful, and have an outgoing loving disposition.
10. Pugs are small dogs, standing at 10 to 13 inches at the shoulder and weighing between 14 to 18 pounds.
11. Pugs are great travel companions as they are adaptable and go with the flow. They are curious and love meeting new people and going on adventures.
12. Pugs can live in the city, suburbs, or country as they are quiet dogs who rarely bark. However, they are sensitive to temperature extremes and can quickly overheat in hot weather, so it’s important to take precautions when exposing them to extreme temperatures.
13. Pugs have a long lifespan, with a life expectancy of 13 to 15 years.
14. Pugs have appeared in movies, TV shows, and various forms of media, including “Men in Black,” “The Adventures of Milo and Otis,” and “Pocahontas.” They also have a strong following on social media platforms, with some pug fans even dressing up like their dogs and having pug parades.
15. Pugs are brachycephalic, which means that they have a broad and short head that results in small nostrils, long palates, and a narrow trachea. This can lead to respiratory problems, especially in extreme temperatures.
16. Pugs are prone to obesity, so it’s important to monitor their diet and exercise levels.
17. Pugs are prone to eye problems such as dry eye, corneal ulcers, and entropion, where the eyelid rolls inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the cornea.
18. Pugs are prone to skin problems, especially in the folds of their wrinkles, which can become moist and irritated.
19. Pugs are prone to dental problems such as gum disease and tooth decay, so it’s important to brush their teeth regularly and provide them with dental chew toys.
20. Pugs are prone to hip dysplasia, a genetic condition that affects the hip joint and can cause pain and mobility problems.
21. Pugs are prone to patellar luxation, a condition where the kneecap slides out of place and causes pain and limping.
22. Pugs are prone to allergies, especially to certain foods, so it’s important to discuss their diet with your veterinarian.
23. Pugs are prone to overheating, so it’s important to provide them with plenty of water and shade during hot weather.
24. Pugs are prone to separation anxiety and can become destructive if left alone for long periods.
25. Pugs require regular grooming, including weekly brushing and occasional baths. They also need their facial folds kept dry and their ears cleaned regularly to prevent infection.
In conclusion, pugs are adorable, affectionate, and playful dogs that can make great companions to families and individuals. However, they require special care due to their flat face and susceptibility to various health problems. If you’re considering getting a pug, make sure you do your research and find a reputable breeder or rescue, and be prepared to provide them with proper care and attention throughout their long lifespan.