Below you can find a complete list of Oceanian animals. We currently track 433 animals in Oceania and are adding more every day!
Oceania is a geographic region consisting of many large and small islands. These include Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and other islands of the Pacific.
This region is known for its unique and sometimes bizarre wildlife, as well as its dangerous animals. Keep reading to discover some of the coolest animals in the world!
Oceania Wildlife Summary
Oceania is known for its unique wildlife. It has the world’s highest concentration of marsupials, animals like the kangaroo, koala, and wombat that carry their young in a pouch. Monotremes also live in this area. They are the only mammals in the world that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.
Tropical weather makes Oceania suitable for many parrots and other colorful birds. Some of the islands are home to birds of paradise, the males of which have bright colors, long, usual feathers, and elaborate mating dances. Flightless birds include the large emu and cassowary and the small brown kiwi.
Oceania is also home to some of the most dangerous wildlife in the world. In the oceans are sharks, poisonous fish and octopi, and jellyfish. On land are venomous snakes and spiders. The toothy saltwater crocodile inhabits both realms.
The Official National Animals of Oceania
Oceania is made up of many countries, each of which has its own national animals. In Australia, the national animal is the red kangaroo, and the national bird is the emu. In Indonesia, the Komodo dragon is the national animal. Indonesia’s national bird is the mythical garuda, which could be based on the kite or eagle. New Zealand’s national animal is the kiwi, and Papua New Guinea’s is the dugong.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Oceania
One of the best things about Oceania is that you can see wildlife everywhere. In Australia, for example, grey kangaroos and wallabies commonly wander into suburban backyards. Lorikeets, cockatoos, and butcher birds may perch overhead as you dine at an outdoor cafe. At certain times of the year, you can view humpback whales from the beach. A huge huntsman spider may even run across the window of your car! In Papua New Guinea, don’t be surprised to find a gecko in your hotel room or a flock of flying foxes in the trees above.
You can also visit zoos or hiking trails to see specific animals. Australia Zoo is a popular attraction that allows you to view many species native to Australia, Oceania, and continents around the world. Oceanic species include fresh and saltwater crocodiles, wombats, dingoes, echidnas, and Tasmanian devils. You can even feed and pet grey kangaroos! Australia Zoo was famously founded by Steve Irwin, the Crocodile Hunter, and it is still operated by his wife and children.
Other fantastic zoos and wildlife parks are located throughout Oceania. In Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, for example, there are two fine wildlife parks – the Port Moresby Nature Park and Adventure Park PNG. Wild flying fox bats roost overhead. Aviaries are filled with birds of paradise and giant Victoria crowned pigeons. You can also view crocodiles feeding, cassowaries, and rare tree kangaroos.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Oceania Today
Oceania is famous for its host of dangerous animals. In the ocean, watch out for saltwater crocodiles, great white sharks, blue-ringed octopus, stonefish, lionfish, cone shells, box jellyfish, and man-o-wars.
On land, there are venomous animals that vary depending on the location. Some include the common brown snake, tiger snake, Sydney funnel-web spider, redback spider, and jack jumper ants.
The cassowary has been called the “world’s most dangerous bird,” and the Komodo dragon has also been responsible for human fatalities.
While many dangerous animals call Oceania home, keep in mind that wildlife attacks are still rare. When people are educated about native wildlife and potential dangers, they are usually able to keep a safe distance and live in peace with the animals.
Endangered Animals In Oceania
Many Oceania animal species are endemic or native to just one or a few small islands. With limited range and habitat, these animals can easily become endangered of becoming extinct.
Tasmania, for example, is a refuge to many endangered species that once roamed Australia. This southern, heart-shaped island avoided colonization by some invasive species, such as the dingo. Without competition from feral animals, endangered Tasmanian devils, wedge-tailed eagles, and others continue to survive.
The island of New Guinea is also home to many endangered species, including rare and beautiful birds. Endangered tree kangaroos, pademelons, and the Queen Alexandra birdwing butterfly – the largest butterfly in the world – also live there.
There are also a number of famous extinct animals from Oceania. The thylacine or Tasmanian tiger is perhaps the most famous.
Other well-known extinct animals from this region include the Moa, dwarf emu, dodo bird, and numerous reptiles, bats, birds, and mollusks.
Oceanian Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.
The largest wingspan of any bird in the world!
Differnt Lizard” or Allosaurus weighed around two tonnes that is almost equal to a car.
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
In Australia the LBAM causes $21.1 million annually in lost production and control costs
Archerfish can shoot a stream of water up to five feet with amazing accuracy.
Adult atlas moths do not eat – they live off fat they stored as larvae.
Has a curved, upturned beak!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
Bandicoot Many species are endangered or extinct!
Not all bark beetles feed on a tree’s bark. Some species feed on fruits, seeds, and other parts of the plant
Found everywhere around the world!
Prized by sport fishers for their size and strength
Detects prey using echolocation!
These dogs have great sniffer abilities
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
They roll around in dirt to prevent external parasites
There are more than 350,000 different species
Despite its small size, the alert nature and sharp bark of this canine make it a good watch dog.
In Australia, the chocolate bilby replaces the chocolate bunny for Easter.
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Black-headed pythons gather heat with their heads while their bodies stay hidden and safe.
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
Blister beetles release a toxic fluid that causes blistering when they’re threatened.
These snakes love to climb trees, and young snakes often hide high in the branches.
Causes the most snake bite deaths in Australia!
Brown Tree Snake
Because the brown tree snake’s fangs are located in the back of their mouths, they can rarely bite humans and inject venom unless the snake is very large in size.
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Cactus moths can cause serious damage to cacti in locations where they have no predators.
Can survive without water for 10 months!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Surviving on the skin cells of humans and animals
Christmas beetles got their common name because they’re most abundant around Christmas time.
Christmas Island Red Crab
During the breeding season, roads can dangerous for cars as well as the crab. Their shells are so hard they can puncture tires.
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
Click beetles are named for the clicking noise they make to escape predators.
Clothes Moths can remain in the larvae stage for up to 2 years, but adults only live 10 days.
The venom in its bite starts to have adverse effects on a human within 30 minutes
They have crests that rise or fall depending on their emotions
Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.
Corella birds are noisy, especially during the early morning or late evening.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Female crayfish aren’t that maternal; they have to secrete a form of pheromone, referred to as maternal pheromones, that encourages them to take care of their offspring and prevents them from eating their young.
The crested gecko can walk on glass and even has a prehensile tail.
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Has a long, strong prehensile tail!
Darkling Beetles have segmented antennae. Each one is divided into eleven segments.
The Death Adder is more closely related to the Cobra than other Australian snakes.
These pythons live at higher altitudes and further south than any other python species.
Natively found on the Australian continent!
These “shrimp” evolved to survive very harsh climates, which is one reason they have been able to live so long.
Diprotodon was the largest marsupial that ever lived.
The dobsonfly spends up three years as a larva, and only a week as an adult.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Both male and female dunnocks can have multiple mates every breeding season
The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Also known as the Spiny Anteater!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Most species are relatively vocal, making harsh croaking sounds and squeals.
Elephant fish are known as the Australian ghost shark, but they are not actually a shark species!
The largest bird in Australia!
A very bold and ferocious predator!
European starlings are accomplished mimics, often copying songs or sounds of other birds and animals (frog calls, goats, cats), or even mechanical sounds and human speech!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False Widow Spider
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
It can kill multiple humans with the amount of venom it releases in one bite.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Fishing spiders have hydrophobic hair on their skin that allows them to survive on water
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
Flea beetles can jump like fleas when threatened.
Flour beetles are adapted to survive in very dry environments.
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Most of the hundreds of varieties of flycatchers belong to the Tyrannidae and Muscicapidae families!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Galapagos sharks are cannibalistic and sometimes eat their young, so the pups stay away from the adults in shallow water.
Gargoyle Geckos are about an inch long and weigh as little as 3 grams when they hatch!
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
They’ve been around for 190,000,000 years!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Golden Masked Owl
While flying high above this owl can hear a mouse moving in the tall grass of field!
The male Gouldian finch bobs its head and fluffs its feathers to court a female.
The male egret performs an elaborate courtship display to attract a mate
Green Tree Python
Green tree pythons are non-venomous, so to subdue their prey, they have a couple of very unique and highly successful hunting techniques.
One of the most invasive species in the world
The Haast’s eagle was the largest eagle to have ever existed.
This breed doesn’t usually make nests or incubate their own chicks.
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
While the Ferruginous hawk is the largest specie in the USA, Asia’s Upland buzzard is the biggest overall.
Hawk Moth Caterpillar
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Helicoprion was one of the largest cartilaginous fish of all time.
Adult Hercules moths don’t eat since they don’t have mouths.
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Holy Cross Frog
The holy cross frog has a cross-shaped colored pattern on its back.
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
The bird has a massive horn on its bill!
These beetles are herbivores but have an intimidating appearance because of the horn-like projection on their heads. However, they are entirely harmless to humans, as they don’t sting or bite.
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Huntaways have a strong instinct for herding.
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
A single inland taipan bite has enough venom to kill a hundred men.
Insects go back over 350 million years, making the creatures older than man, flowering plants and dinosaurs.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
The John Dory is often labeled one of the ugliest fish in the world and has no known relatives.
Jungle Carpet Python
Their stunning coloration is sometimes muddy yellow or even tan and black in the wild.
The endangered kagu is the only bird in the world with nasal corns!
The heaviest species of parrot in the world!
Females have a deep pouch on their front!
This lovable pest may come to you asking for food or attempting to steal your belongings! They are named for their loud vocalizations, “kee-aaa!”
These adorable dogs are known for their love of children, strangers, and other animals because of their docile demeanor.
The checkered keelback of the east Indies can detach its tail and grow it back, much like a lizard.
Kiko goats breed year-round, and they are not good at defending themselves.
Females look similar to males but don’t come in shades of blue
Kissing bugs derive their name from the location they prefer to bite, which is usually close to the lips of the host
Only found in the forests of New Zealand!
Spends up to 80% of the time sleeping or resting!
The laughing kookaburra is one of four kookaburra species.
The name “koolie” comes from the German mispronunciation of “collie.”
Kowaris do not drink or take water; all they get is the water content in their diet.
Labout’s Fairy Wrasse
Females are sequential hermaphrodites, which means they can convert to males anytime during their life cycle.
When communicating, they make a loud, terrifying hissing sound, and they will strike any potential danger with their mighty tails.
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Larder beetles were named based on their attraction to food storage rooms or cupboards, but they do not feed on stored food products.
Has 10 pairs of eyes!
Leptocephali have flat bodies filled with jelly-like substances, surrounded by a thin layer of muscle.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it
The lungfish first evolved almost 400 million years ago.
Lyrebirds mimic birds of prey to deter predators such as birds of prey.
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day
Maltese Shih Tzu
Both parent breeds, the Maltese and Shih Tzu, once entertained royalty
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
In 1968, the mealworm beetle traveled to space and circled the moon on the Soviet mission Zond 5.
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some people believe that Megalania still exists in remote areas, although those beliefs have never been validated with evidence.
The Meiolania had a massive head that it was unable to put fully inside its shell.
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Most molluscs have more than one heart
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The female mouse spider is rarely seen because they don’t leave their burrows.
Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.
They stood about 26 feet tall and weighed more than 3 tons, as heavy as today’s African forest elephants.
Muttaburrasaurus is named after the town of Muttaburra in central Queensland.
For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.
Nabarleks have teeth like a shark, with new molars continuously emerging from the back.
Causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis
Unlike other pigeons, Nicobar pigeons don’t fly in haphazard flocks but in columns or single file.
There are less than 1,000 left in the wild!
Nuthatches spend a lot of their time upside down.
The olive python is a gentle giant that is rarely aggressive.
Oranda goldfish are one of the most popular fancy goldfish breeds
Females are about four times the size of males
Unlike other cockroach species that live indoors living off humans, oriental cockroaches are outdoor scavengers.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Inhabits the jungles of the far east!
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
They can jump up to 10 centimeters (40 times their body size) and see the full rainbow spectrum of light, including UV.
The biggest members of the Pelagornithidae family were the largest flying birds known.
Some of the most delicious gamefish in the world
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
The pheasant-tailed jacana is the only species in its family that migrates long distances.
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
One of the only mammals to lay eggs!
Pliosaurs were the short-necked version of plesiosaurs.
The Poochon was first bred in Australia.
There are 69 species on the Australian continent!
They can carry items with their tail.
Powderpost beetles prefer living in moist tree limbs, dead wood, and branches. They get into homes through infested joists, paneling, rafters, flooring, and finished wood products.
The largest variety of kangaroo to have ever been discovered.
Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.
These snakes have been seen traveling as group of 3-5.
Female pythons lay eggs and defend them until they hatch.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
Makes runways through the long grasses!
Found across Australia and Papua New Guinea!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
Sliders spend lots of time basking in the sun. As cold-blooded animals, they need the sun to heat up.
The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.
The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.
Rhinoceros beetles can lift objects 850 times their weight
Can fit its body into a tiny crevice of a reef
The female pretend they are dead if they do not find the male worthy of mating.
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Nymphs take 9 to 10 days on average to mature, with a complete lifespan of an estimated 30 days.
When threatened, rove beetles raise the ends of their body like scorpions, but they have no sting.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
Male sambars will compete for mates by clashing together with their antlers
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Some sandpipers can migrate more than 8,000 miles without stopping!
Parents use low calls to tell their chicks to freeze and lie still when danger lurks.
Newly hatched sauropods weighted less than 11 pounds and put on 2 tons of weight a year!
There are around 2,000 known species!
Inhabits tropical coastal waters of Australia!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
The sea snake is incredibly venomous, even more than a cobra!”
Some gulls are capable of using tools
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Senepol cattle have a distinctive red color and no horns.
You may even be able to see a reflection in their reflective sequins!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Silky terriers can be trained to participate in many events, including herding, agility, rally, tracking and fly ball.
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Skuas will chase other birds until they give up their catch
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
Soldier beetles resemble fireflies, but they’re not bioluminescent.
There are 140 different species!
The sparrowhawk is named after the fact that it hunts down and consumes sparrows
Spider beetles have globular bodies, which makes them look like spiders.
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Their favorite food is bats and they hang from cave entrances to snatch them out of midair!
They can’t sing like other birds.
Strawberry Hermit Crab
When strawberry hermit crabs find shells that are larger than their own, they gather in a line from biggest to smallest. Once the biggest one sheds its shell, the next one in line will claim it, which is repeated down the line.
These larvae are native to Central and South America but now occur on every continent except Antarctica
swallows have aerodynamic bodies for hunting in flight
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The Most Venomous Snakes On Earth
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!
The tawny frogmouth is a master of camouflage that can hide in plain sight!
Teacup Miniature Horse
Female teacup minis become sexually mature between 2 and 5 years old, but breeders typically wait until their horse is 3 before letting her reproduce to prevent complications.
These terriers have quick minds and fast feet making them excellent for agility competitions.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Terriers were once the greatest dogs in the world.
Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
Scientists have speculated that its bite force was equivalent to that of a 551 pound lion!
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Tiger Snakes can spend nine minutes underwater without returning to the surface to breathe
The tomato hornworm is a ferocious pest that can eat all parts of a plant, including the fruits.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Though this snake’s venomous bite isn’t harmful to adults, it can be dangerous to children
Their tailfeathers help them maintain their balance on a tree trunk
Only found on a few of New Zealand’s islands!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
These boas aren’t really vipers, they’re nonvenomous constrictors that look like vipers.
The albatross is related to the waimanu!
There are roughly 30 different species!
Warblers are so called because of the trills of their song.
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Water beetles bite; they use their legs to inject venomous digestive saliva
Some species of water bugs can deliver a painful bite when handled.
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
Welsh Black Cattle
Welsh Black Cattle were once used as currency in Wales and referred to as “black gold”.
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Due to being so attached to their owners, the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not do well with being left alone and can experience separation anxiety.
This butterfly determines the smell and taste of a flower with its feet.
White-shouldered House Moth
The larva is the pest because a fully-grown white-shouldered house moth cannot feed; it can only absorb liquid
The body of Wiwaxia was covered by rows of sclerites and spines
Woma pythons often prey on venomous snakes and are immune to some venoms.
Spends most of the day underground!
Another name for these fuzzy insects is “boogie-woogie aphids” because of their habit of lifting their posteriors and pulsing them in synchronized motions when threatened.
The yabby can survive long periods of droughts by burrowing into the soil.
Yokohama chickens have snow white feathers with tails reaching up to 4 feet in length.
The male zebra finch creates a unique song by drawing inspiration from its parent or tutor
Oceanian Animals List
Animals in Oceania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Oceania?
Oceania is home to all types of animals – mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, invertebrates, and birds. Some of the animals are very unique – marsupials that carry their babies in pouches and monotremes (echidnas and the duck-billed platypus) that lay eggs.
Which Animals Can You See in Oceania, Specifically Australia?
Popular animals include kangaroos, wallabies, dingos, Tasmanian devils, wombats, crocodiles, large fruit bats, koalas, and dingos. Whale watching is also popular. Australia is one of the few countries in the world where you can swim with humpback whales.
How Many Species of Animals Live in Oceania?
Hundreds of thousands of animal species live in Oceania. In Australia alone, scientists estimate that there are 250 native mammal species, 550 species of birds, 680 different types of reptiles, 190 species of frogs, and more than 2,000 species of fish. Even more unique species live on Oceania’s other islands.